Xov xwm

Ntse daim ntawv qhia ntsej muag-ntse ntsej muag

Ib daim npav ntse, feem ntau yog ib hom daim ntawv chip, yog daim npav yas uas muaj lub cim ntim ntawm lub computer-xws li ib lub cim xeeb lossis microprocessor type-uas khw muag khoom thiab sib qhia. Cov ntaub ntawv no feem ntau yog txuam nrog tus nqi, cov ntaub ntawv, los yog ob qho tib si thiab muab khaws cia thiab ua tiav nyob rau hauv daim npav. Cov ntaub ntawv txog kev siv nyiaj yog txav ntawm kev nyeem ntawv uas yog ib feem ntawm qhov system hauv kev ua haujlwm. Cov tshuab uas muaj cov ntawv khov kho tau zoo siv niaj hnub no thoob plaws kev siv ob peb qhov tseem ceeb, nrog rau kev kho mob, kev tiv thaiv, kev lom zem, thiab kev thauj mus los. Tag nrho cov ntawv thov tau txais txiaj ntsim los ntawm cov yam ntxwv ntxiv thiab kev ruaj ntseg uas ntse cov ntawv qhia. Raws li Eurosmart, thoob ntiaj teb smart card tuaj yuav loj hlob 10% hauv 2010 rau 5,455 billion cards. Cov khoom lag luam uas tau txais kev lig kev cai los ntawm lwm lub tshuab nyeem daim card, xws li cov khoom siv barcode thiab magnetic stripe, hloov cov ntse kom ua tau raws li daim ntawv xa rov qab ntawm peev yog rov qab txhua daim npav tawm xyoo tom qab.

Daim ntaub ntawv

Ua ntej pib hauv teb chaws Europe ze li peb lub xyoos dhau los, ntse cov ntawv qhab nia ua ib qho cuab yeej cuab tam rau payphones los txo cov tub sab. Xws li cov ntawv teev lus ntse thiab lwm cov ntawv ntim tau tshaj, cov neeg nrhiav tau cov kev tshiab los siv lawv, nrog rau cov ntawv them nqi qiv nyiaj thiab cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia rau hauv ntawv.

Hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas, cov neeg tau txais kev pab tau siv cov ntawv chip rau txhua yam ntawm kev mus saib ntawv hauv tsev qiv ntawv los mus yuav khoom noj khoom haus mus kawm cov yeeb yaj kiab, nquag txuas lawv rau hauv peb lub neej txhua hnub. Muaj ntau lub tebchaws Asmeskas muaj qhov kev pab cuam chip daim ntawv thov rau tsoomfwv cov ntaub ntawv xws li Department of Motor Vehicles rau Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBTs). Muaj ntau cov lag luam tau siv lub hwj huam ntse hauv lawv cov khoom, xws li cov GSM cov xov tooj ntawm cov xov tooj nrog raws li TV-satellite decoders.

Vim Li Cas Ntsej Muag Xeem

Cov ntawv teev lus ntse txhim kho kom yooj yim thiab kev ruaj ntseg ntawm kev sib hloov. Lawv muab cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj rau cov neeg siv thiab tus kheej. Ntse daim npav tshuab muaj pov thawj kom muaj kev ntseeg ntau dua lwm cov ntawv nyeem uas siv tau, xws li sib nqus stripe thiab barcode, nrog ntau cov kev tshawb fawb uas qhia daim card nyeem ntawv lub neej thiab nyeem ntawv lub neej txhim kho ua pom muaj nqi qis dua ntawm qhov kev pab tu. Ntse phaib tseem muab cov cim tseem ceeb ntawm kev ruaj ntseg rau cov kev pauv cov ntaub ntawv txhua yam ntawm txhua lub network. Lawv tiv thaiv tag nrho cov kev ruaj ntseg kev hem thawj, los ntawm kev ceev cia ntawm cov neeg siv cov passwords rau cov ntse txuas system. Cov nqi rau kev tswj xyuas tus password resets rau ib lub koom haum los yog cov tuam txhab muaj kev lag luam, yog li ua ntse phaib kev daws teeb meem hauv cov cheeb tsam no. Multifunction phaib kuj siv tau los tswj cov kev siv network system thiab khaws tus nqi thiab lwm cov ntaub ntawv. Thoob ntiaj teb, neeg siv tam sim no siv ntse phaib rau ntau yam hauj lwm txhua hnub, uas muaj xws li:

SIM Cards thiab Telecommunication

Cov ntaub ntawv tshaj lij ntawm ntse tshuab ntsej muag yog hauv Subscriber Identity Modules (SIM), uas yuav tsum muaj rau txhua lub xov tooj hauv xov tooj raws li hauv Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM). Txhua lub xov tooj siv cov cim cim, cim hauv SIM, tswj cov cai thiab cov cai ntawm txhua tus neeg siv xov tooj ntawm ntau lub network. Qhov no siv qhov teeb meem nruab nrab yog tshaj ib nrab ntawm txhua daim npav ntse siv txhua xyoo. Lub Universal Subscriber Identification Modules (USIM) kuj yog siv los choj tus neeg sib txawv li cov xov tooj hloov ntawm GSM, UTMS, thiab cov tswv lag luam 3G.

Loyalty thiab khaws cia tus nqi

Siv lwm daim npav ntsej muag yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj, cov kev pab cuam loyalty, uas khiav thiab muab kev pabcuam los rov hais dua cov neeg siv khoom. Cov nqi khaws cia yog yooj yim dua thiab muaj kev nyab xeeb dua li nyiaj ntsuab. Rau cov lag luam, cov ntab yog pom tau hais txog cov nqi tsis muaj nqi thiab cov residuals ntawm cov nqi uas tsis tau siv.

Rau ntau cov khw muag khoom hluav taws xob uas tswj cov kev pab cuam ncaj ncees nyob thoob plaws ntau lub lag luam thiab POS systems, cov ntawv teev lus ntse tau tshawb nrhiav thiab teev tag nrho cov ntaub ntawv. Cov ntawv thov ntau heev, xws li kev thauj mus los, chaw nres tsheb, ntxhua khaub ncaws, gaming, khw muag khoom, thiab kev lom zem.

Txhawb Cov Ntsiab Lus thiab Cov Khoom Muaj Peev Xwm

Ntxiv rau cov ntaub ntawv kev ruaj ntseg, cov ntawv teev lus ntse yuav ua kom muaj kev ruaj ntseg ntawm cov kev pab cuam thiab cov cuab yeej siv los ntawm kev txwv rau cov neeg siv tau kev tso cai nkaus xwb.

Cov ntaub ntawv thiab kev lom zem yog xa los ntawm satellite lossis cable mus rau lub tsev DVR neeg ua si los yog cable box lossis cable PC enabled. Kev xa khoom hauv tsev yog encrypted thiab decrypted ntawm daim npav ntse ib tus neeg siv ntawv nkag. Cov kev tshaj tawm digital video twb tau txais cov khoom siv ntsej muag xws li electronic keys rau kev tiv thaiv.

Cov ntawv teev lus qiv kuj tseem ua tau cov khoom siv rau cov cuab yeej siv cuab yeej cuab tam thiab cov tshuaj rau cov tshuaj, cov cuab yeej, cov ntawv qiv, cov khoom siv qiv rau lwm yam. Hauv qee lub npuas, ntse daim card enabled- SD thiab microSD cov ntawv muaj kev tiv thaiv cov ntsiab lus mus rau lub xov tooj txawb ntawm tes / cov xov tooj.

E-ntoo

Ntsuas phaib ua kom yooj yim rau cov neeg tau txais kev pab kom khaws cov ntaub ntawv thiab nyiaj ntsuab rau kev yuav khoom. Cov txiaj ntsim uas lawv muaj kev pab yog:

Daim npav tuaj yeem nqa tau tus kheej tus account, qiv nyiaj thiab yuav cov ntaub ntawv uas yuav tau txais kev xaiv uas yuav nkag mus nrog nas nias tsis txhob sau cov ntawv.

Cov ntawv muaj peev xwm tswj tau thiab tswj cov kev siv nyiaj nrog kev txwv thiab kev tshaj qhia.

Kev ua haujlwm hauv Internet muaj peev xwm muab tau los tso rau ntau tus neeg muag khoom nrog lub tshuab POS tsis pom thiab daim npav ua rau lub hauv paus ruaj ntseg rau cov ntsiab lus los yog khoom plig.

Micro Them Nyiaj Them Nqi - Cov nqi them tus nqi tsis suav nrog cov nqi ntawm cov credit card, los yog rau cov nyiaj tsawg tsawg rau cov nyiaj ntsuab, xws li cov nqi tsub nqi.

Npav Thaj Tsam Xwm Ceev

Nyob ib ncig ntawm lub ntiaj teb, cov chaw lag luam hauv npav tswj kev lag luam (Visa, MasterCard, Tshawb nrhiav, thiab American Express) tau txais cov lab ntawm cov ntsej muag hauv EMV (Europay, MasterCard, VISA). Ntau zaus raug xa mus rau chip thiab PIN cards; Cov no yog cov ntaub ntawv ntawm cov ntawv teev lus hauv daim npav rau cov tuam txhab tso nyiaj rau hauv ntau lub teb chaws tshwj tsis yog hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas Raws li nyuam qhuav nyuam qhuav pib ua haujlwm raws EMV phaib, Tebchaws Meskas yuav yog ib lub tebchaws nyob rau hauv North America uas tseem tsis tau ua tiav, uas yog raug quab yuam los ntawm ntau hom kev dag ntxias nrog ob daim credit thiab debit card. Ntse phaib tau raug pov thawj kom ruaj ntseg muas nrog regularity, thiaj li ntau kom EMV txheem tau dhau los ua ke.

Raws li lub tsev txhab nyiaj sib tw ua lag luam qhib tshiab xws li kev lag luam brokerages, lawv muaj kev ruaj ntseg ntawm cov ntawv xov tooj ntse ntawm qhov nce ntxiv. Qhov no txhais tau hais tias:

Cov ntawv teev lus ntse tuaj yeem ntseeg siab los ntawm kev ruaj ntseg zoo tuaj. Ob-Factor Authentication nws tiv thaiv cov ntaub ntawv thiab tus nqi thoob plaws hauv internet. Cov kev phem xws li "Txiv neej nyob hauv nruab nrab" thiab "Trojan Nees" uas ua rau cov neeg siv lub npe thiab lo lus "replay" yog raug tshem tawm

Qhov no txhim kho cov neeg muab kev pabcuam. Cov neeg muas zaub tau siv kev ruaj ntseg ntse phaib kom ceev ceev, 24-teev cov nyiaj siv hluav taws xob hauv internet

Cov nqi txo yog: cov muas uas feem ntau yuav xav tau ib tug neeg ua hauj lwm lub sij hawm thiab cov ntaub ntawv yuav raug tswj hwm ntawm tus qhua tuaj noj mov nrog ib daim npav ntse

Ntaub Ntawv Kho Mob

Qhov tawg ntawm cov ntaub ntawv qhia txog kev mob nkeeg qhia txog cov teeb meem tshiab ntawm kev ceev cov neeg mob cov kev saib xyuas thiab kev ceev ntiag tug. Ntse phaib nyob ob qho ntawm cov teeb meem no nrog kev ruaj ntseg, mobile cia thiab faib cov lus qhia ntawm tus neeg mob, los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv ceev xwm txheej rau cov txiaj ntsim zoo. Muaj ntau lub teb chaws uas twb tau txais ntse ua daim npav xws li daim ntawv pov thawj rau lawv cov koom tes kho mob thiab ua raws li cov ntaub ntawv ceev cia Electronic Health Record (EHR). Cov txiaj ntsim zoo rau hauv kev kho mob muaj xws li:

Ceev ceev, qhia cov neeg mob zoo; kho dua tshiab

Txo kev dag ntxias los ntawm kev paub tseeb ntawm tus neeg zov me nyuam / tus neeg tuaj kuaj mob thiab kev tsim nyog tuav pov hwm

Ib txoj hauv kev yooj yim los nqa cov ntaub ntawv nruab nrab ntawm cov tshuab lossis cov chaw tsis muaj systems

Txo cov nqi ntawm cov ntaub ntawv

Tso Kab Mob Ntaus Kab Mob

Tau ntau xyoo, cov thawj tswj kev ua haujlwm tau nyob hauv ntau hom kev siv tshuab, tswj kev ua zoo thiab ua kom tiav ntawm lawv txoj haujlwm. Hauv Kev Kho Mob, cov ntawv teev npe ntse tuaj yeem ua kom zoo tshaj plaws thiab muaj kev nyab xeeb ntawm kev zov me nyuam xws li cov cav tov lim ntshav, kuaj ntshav thiab laser qhov muag khoom phais.

Enterprise thiab Network Security

Microsoft lub Windows, Sun Microsystems (lub koom haum ntawm Oracle Corporation) thiab tag nrho cov tshiab versions ntawm Linux muaj built-in software hooks rau deploy smart cards raws li ib tug hloov rau cov neeg siv lub npe thiab passwords. Microsoft tau ua tiav daim ntawv pov thawj tiav nyob thoob plaws lub Scard DLL thiab Crypto Service Provider (CSP). Nrog cov lag luam realizing tias Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) -enhanced kev ruaj ntseg yog dab tsi xav tau rau cov neeg ua haujlwm deployed, daim npav ntse ntse yog tus txheej txheem tshiab. Lag luam-rau-lag luam Intranets thiab Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) yog kho kom zoo los ntawm kev siv cov ntawv ntse ntse. Cov neeg siv yuav raug tso cai thiab muaj cai tau txais kev nkag mus rau cov ntaub ntawv tshwj xeeb raws li cov cai ua ntej. Lwm daim ntawv sau tau los ntawm kev ruaj ntseg email mus rau kev lag luam hluav taws xob.

Kev Siv Lub Cev

Cov lag luam thiab cov tsev kawm ntawv ntawm txhua hom yuav tsum tau cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj yooj yim rau tag nrho cov neeg ua hauj lwm thiab cov tub ntxhais kawm. Feem ntau ntawm cov tib neeg no kuj tau kev tso cai nkag mus rau tej yam ntaub ntawv, khoom siv, thiab cov tuam tsev raws li lawv txoj cai. Kev sib txuam, microprocessor based smart cards sib koom nrog tus kheej cov cai siv tau thiab tseem tuaj yeem khaws tus nqi siv rau ntau qhov chaw, xws li cov chaw noj mov thiab cov khw. Ntau cov chaw ntiav pw kuj tau txais ISO 7816 hom ntawv nyeem kom luag tuav cov neeg ua haujlwm-tsuas yog cov chav thiab cov chaw xwb.

Tag nrho tsoomfwv Meskas thiab ntau lub koomhaum tau siv tamsim no cov neeg tsis muaj kev sib txuas lus yog ib qho chaw nkag mus rau lawv cov chaw. Qee cov tuam txhab tau teeb tsa ib qho biometric tivthaiv rau daim ntawv pov thawj zoo li no. Cov laus zog muab ib qho yooj yim sib thooj li lub rooj vag tus neeg zov. Tab sis raws li kev ruaj ntseg yuav tsum tau muaj zog thiab tus nqi ntawm cov ISO 14443 txheem tshuab tau qis dua, lub ntiaj teb yog sai dua qhov kev cai tshiab no. Txoj kev ua lag luam no yog ib ntu los ntawm Tsoomfwv Meskas txoj kev saws tus cai uas raug cai ntawm tus kheej Identification Verification (PIV). Muaj ib qho kev nplua nuj ntawm cov neeg lag luam thiab cov neeg ua haujlwm rau cov qauv no.

Yog tias koj xav nrhiav cov lus qhia txog qhov ntse ntse nyeem ntawv, hu rau peb thov !!